Na hranici vesmiru
Retrospective exhibition of David Nixon’s projects
NTK Atrium – National Library of Technology
from 7th November 2013 till 20th December 2013
The resources on the Earth may seem to be unlimited. They may be but not for too long… What if a global natural disaster destroyed our home planet and we were not able to breathe the air, we would have no means to grow food and no shelter to protect ourselves against climate? We would be in extreme environment. Space architects are designing for such extreme environments. They design autonomous habitats that enable living on Mars, the Moon or the Earth’s orbit. The habitats provide safety and comfort for human activities and respect environment, technology readiness and principles of ecology.
The space architecture thus provides necessary perspective that helps to rediscover elementary problems of terrestrial architecture that are often hidden under the shallow business planning strategies, style or superficial aesthetics. This discipline also points out importance of integration of aerospace engineering that may significantly help advancing architectural development.
David Nixon is an unofficial co-founder of the space architecture discipline. He significantly influenced development of this area in which he has been involved since 1985. This exhibition represents unique collection of terrestrial and space projects that are all connected to space architecture and design for extreme environments.
The visitor of the exhibition will immerse in an inspiring environment allowing him to browse through drawings, concepts, photographs and visualizations of David Nixon’s works.
Gathered in Houston in mid-October for the World Space Congress 2002, 47 Architects and designers from 16 countries who are expert in design for aviation and human spaceflight spent a long day in deliberations to produce the final version of the Space Architects’ manifesto, “The Millennium Charter”. This brief document is the culmination of many months of intense debate and deliberate wordsmithing among this population of overwhelmingly nonnative speakers of English. Calling itself “Team 11” after the “Team X” of the CIAM’s [Congres Internationaux d’Architecture Moderne] last meeting, we sought to reinvigorate the CIAM as the only truly international precedent of Architects working as an organized, political body to craft a sense of relevance and understanding between our profession and the world at large. And in the spirit of the CIAM’s founders, who insisted on inviting their mentors Peter Behrens and Otto Wagner to their first meeting, the Team 11’s proceedings were further enriched by the participation of one of Team X’s framers — the Architect Waltraude Woods.
Introductory article “(Aero)Space Architecture takes flight” by Constance M. Adams.
UK Government research has shown that Space Architecture is likely to be a fast growing industry by 2030. The government-commissioned report, entitled ‘The shape of jobs to come: Possible New Careers Emerging from Advances in Science and Technology’, lists Space Architect as a profession which will be in high demand in coming years. Advances in science and technology mean that architects will be required to design physical solutions to enable habitation of space and other planets. According to the report, Space Architects, Pilots and Tour Guides were considered the most aspirational roles from the list of jobs for the future.
Gordon Brown (UK Prime Minister) said: “A priority for this Government is to prepare Britain for the economy of the future and to make sure our young people can seize the opportunities that innovations in science and technology will bring. The shape of jobs to come shows what might be on offer for the next generation. I hope it will inspire young people to gain the skills and training they will need to succeed.”
Companies like Virgin Galactic and the Sasakawa International Centre for Space Architecture (SICSA) are forging ahead with space tourism projects. Sir Richard Branson recently unveiled SpaceShipTwo, the world’s first commercial spaceline, with daily space tourism flights planned to commence from Virgin Galactic’s Spaceport in New Mexico. Designed by Foster and Partners, the spaceport is currently under construction with the 3,048 metre runway expected to be completed by late 2010. Current projects at the SICSA include a greenhouse on Mars, lunar outposts and space exploration vehicles.
Interdisciplinary concept design of a space hotel using Russian modules. Interior design with focus on safe movement in microgravity. Design constraints, drivers of the past microgravity interior designs are analyzed. The inflatable interior structure is the safest solution for space tourists. The Omicron space habitat presented can be built in near future.