The following resources are recommended by the AIAA / Space Architecture Technical Committee for education, research, and commercial aerospace architecture applications. The resources are grouped according to the following topics:


The Case and Proposal documents related to the founding of SATC.


12 October 2002

Gathered in Houston in mid-October for the World Space Congress 2002, 47 Architects and designers from 16 countries who are expert in design for aviation and human spaceflight spent a long day in deliberations to produce the final version of the Space Architects’ manifesto, “The Millennium Charter”. This brief document is the culmination of many months of intense debate and deliberate wordsmithing among this population of overwhelmingly nonnative speakers of English. Calling itself “Team 11” after the “Team X” of the CIAM’s [Congres Internationaux d’Architecture Moderne] last meeting, we sought to reinvigorate the CIAM as the only truly international precedent of Architects working as an organized, political body to craft a sense of relevance and understanding between our profession and the world at large. And in the spirit of the CIAM’s founders, who insisted on inviting their mentors Peter Behrens and Otto Wagner to their first meeting, the Team 11’s proceedings were further enriched by the participation of one of Team X’s framers — the Architect Waltraude Woods.

Introductory article “(Aero)Space Architecture takes flight” by Constance M. Adams.

Entire text of The Millennium Charter document.

“Team 11” workshop poster (PDF file 700k).


Minutes for the SATC Meetings & Telecons can be found here.


Publications recommended by the SATC are as follows:

Author’s Guide: The following is a recommended author’s guide to writing abstracts and papers for publication in SATC-sponsored conferences and symposia:

Abstracts: In the peer-review guidline (above), Dr. Cohen writes, “The Abstract should summarize very briefly the essence of the paper. It should state the problem, the approach to the problem, whether an experiment or design exercise occurred, and the most significant result or finding.” A simple guide for writing abstracts is as follows:

  1. Abstract title: The title should concisely summarize the entire paper in a short phrase only one or two lines long, the shorter and simpler the better.
  2. Authors: All authors and co-authors should be listed with their affiliations and contact information.
  3. Introduction: The abstract body should start with one or two sentences introducing the topic or problem.
  4. Significance: A sentence or two should state the significance of the topic within the field of aerospace architecture.
  5. Approach: Briefly state in a few sentences how the paper approaches the problem, and what methodologies were used in the research.
  6. Findings: A sentence or two stating the most significant findings, and how they relate to current or future investigations.
  7. References (optional): A few preliminary references keyed into the abstract can substantiate the topic or problem with precedent or prior research, to help establish significance in the field of aerospace architecture.

Conference Paper Templates: RTF files formated according to conference and symposia rules are posted in this location:


Guide Note on Where to Study Space Architecture.

ISS User’s Guide: Detailed online technical references for the International Space Station.

ISU: International Space University provides graduate-level training to the future leaders of the emerging global space community at its Central Campus in Strasbourg, France, and at locations around the world.

Laboratory Design Technical Support Package: NASA Tech Brief document ARC-14965 by Marc Cohen, presenting a detailed analysis of space laboratory design.

Learning Astronomy from your couch: A mini educational website about astronomy and some useful educational resources for kids.

Living Aloft: A standard reference for space habitability by Connors, Harrison & Akin.

NASA Academy for Astrobiology: This unique center of higher learning promotes awareness of the multi-faceted prospects of science and the potential of astrobiology.

NASA Technical Report Server: The main site for NASA technical articles.

NASA TV: This site has video feeds of NASA Television.

NASA-U: (NASA University) Ran by NASA Ames Research Center (ARC), this unique institute of higher learning promotes awareness of the multi-faceted prospects of science and the potential of astrobiology.

SICSA: The Sasakawa International Center for Space Architecture (SICSA) is a research and design organization within the University of Houston. SICSA is among the academic leaders in the field of space architecture and is also active in planning and design of facilities for extreme environments on Earth. Current coverage of space news and topics. An extensive online space reference resource.

Spacecraft Films: Original space mission film records can be purchased at this site. Titles include Space History Series (Apollo 11, etc), Shuttle Mission Logs, and Launch Vehicle Series.

Spacecraft Models: High-quality models and drawings of spacecraft can be purchased at this site.

Space Shuttle Reference: A detailed online technical reference for the Space Shuttle.

UND Aerospace: the John D. Odegard School Of Aerospace Sciences at the University of North Dakota is a world-renowned center for aerospace learning, nationally acclaimed for our achievements in collegiate aviation education, atmospheric research, space studies, and computer science applications. Detailed online information about China’s Shenzhou space program.


See the research page for projects supported by the SATC.

Artificial Gravity: This site lists resources for design in artificial gravity, including several online and downloadable software tools such as SpinCalc and SpinDoctor.

Crew Accomodations Resource Model: This is a spreadsheet that will calculate consumables, mass, etc for hypothetical human missions.

Fertile Moon ISRU Tool: This ISU 2006 Master’s program report introduces and describes the FERTILE (Feasibility of the Extraction of Resources Toolkit for In-situ Lunar Exploration) Moon Model as a possible aid to those wishing to examine the potential of ISRU on the Moon.

Simulated Microgravity: This page is NASA’s KC-135 homepage, for conducting simulated microgravity research.

SICSA Lecture Series: Data sheets refering to an interdisciplinary “system of systems” perspective that encompasses broad aspects of mission planning, spacecraft and habitat elements/design, planetary surface mobility and construction equipment, operations and logistics, and other important topics.


Space Agencies:

ASI: Italian Space Agency.

CALT: China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology.

CNES: French Space Agency.

CNSA: China National Space Administration

CSA: Canadian Space Agency.

DLR: German National Aerospace Agency.

ESA: European Space Agency.

FAA: Federal Aviation Administration Commercial Space Transportation: USA launch operator’s licenses for commercial launch of orbital rockets.

INPE: Brazilian National Institute for Space Research.

ISRO: Indian Space Research Organization.

JAXA: Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency.

NASA: United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

NASA Ames: Ames Research Center in Moffett Field, California, U.S.

NASA JSC: Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas, U.S.

NASA JPL: Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, U.S.

NASA KSC: Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Florida, U.S.

NSC: Norwegian Space Center.

POCKOCMOC: Russia Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities.

SNSB: Swedish National Space Board.

SSO: Swiss Space Office.

SRON: Space Research Organization Netherlands.

UKSA: United Kingdom Space Agency.

Other government / industry links:

NASA Astronaut Selection Program: This is the site for NASA astronaut candidate selection, including application form downloads.

Human Exploration of Mars Design Reference Architecture 5.0: latest iteration of the NASA Mars Design Reference Mission (DRM).


TransHab: The TransHab inflatable module was a concept proposed as a crew quarters for the International Space Station. The concept was tested but not chosen as a potential Station crew quarters, and NASA at present is no longer pursuing the concept. This section provides a historical overview of the concept, however. The concept for TransHab originated at NASA’s Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center, Houston, Texas, in 1997 as a possible design for an inflatable living quarters on future Mars-bound spacecraft.

Bigelow Expandable Activity Module (BEAM): The BEAM project is sponsored by NASA’s Advanced Exploration Systems (AES) Program, which pioneers innovative approaches to rapidly and affordably develop prototype systems for future human exploration missions. The BEAM demonstration supports an AES objective to develop a deep space habitat for human missions beyond Earth orbit.


Astrocourier: A space company developing a low cost carrier system for flying small scientific experiments to earth orbit and back on a regular basis on Space Shuttle missions, with an emphasis on providing low cost access to space for small businesses, investors, entrepreneurs, universities, schools and enthusiasts.

Beyond the Pale Blue:

John Frassanito & Associates: An industrial design firm that has been involved with the design of many aerospace architecture projects, including the International Space Station.

Kayser Italia: a small, independent system engineering company concentrating on the study, design, manufacturing, integration and testing of hardware and software systems and subsystems for space applications, advanced industrial research, and environmental monitoring.

Liquifer: A trans-disciplinary platform engaged in designing our future on earth and in space, co-lead by Barbara Imhof.

Lunar architecture: A site dedicated to the study of lunar architecture.

Mars Institute: The Mars Institute was created to establish an independent nonprofit organization whose sole purpose is to focus on advancing the scientific study and exploration of Mars, with a central commitment to conducting high quality peer-reviewed research, and on sharing knowledge and experiences of Mars exploration with students and the general public worldwide.

Mars society: An organization dedicated to further the goal of the exploration and settlement of the Red Planet by: 1) broad public outreach to instill the vision of pioneering Mars, 2) support of ever more aggressive government funded Mars exploration programs around the world, and 3) conducting Mars exploration on a private basis.

Mars Studio: The Mars Studio is one of four studio courses offered to architecture students in the final semester at the Faculty of Environmental Design, University of Calgary, Canada.

Nexterra: A non-profit company hosting resources for the design of a First Mars Outpost (FMO). Nexterra’s “exploremarsnow” website was awarded the 2003 Webby Award and the 2003 Scientific American Sci/Tech award as the best science website of the year.

OPS-Alaska: An organization dedicated to expand the human ecology by 1) supporting the space enterprise across various fronts, and 2) supporting natural and social / behavioral research projects aimed at improving the quality of life for all and ensuring the continuation of the human race.

Planetary Society: An organization dedicated to: 1) encouraging all spacefaring nations to explore other worlds, 2) providing public information and support for educational activities about the exploration of the solar system and the search for extraterrestrial life, and 3) support and funding of innovative and novel research and development projects that can seed future projects of planetary exploration. Also see Madhu Thangavelu’s space architect page.

Plug-in Creations Architecture, LLC: A design practice with strong specialization in theoretical application, devoted to the integration of high technology into architectural design, industrial design, aerospace architecture, and creative research. The name is derived from a primary goal to promote and advance kit-of-parts theory, modular, and object-oriented construction techniques.

Robosphere: A project to explore the possibility of long term or continuous, sustainable robotic presence on planetary surfaces and in space, in order to increase scientific returns, decrease exploration costs and greatly decrease any chances of mission failures.

Space Innovations: Research studio focused on human-system integration in nominal and extreme environments on Earth and in space. SPIN provides conceptual design solutions and consultancy in areas of cockpit design, spaceship architecture, microgravity and orbital habitats architecture, self-deployable habitat modules design and macrogravity architecture for moon and Mars. SPIN also focuses on utilization of space architecture technology and design methods for sustainable development on Earth.

Synthesis Int’l: A design firm specializing in earth / space architecture strategy and design, including furnishings for earth and space, aerospace architecture (such as TransHab), mission strategy / planning, and terrestrial design projects.

Umbilical Design: A company with focus on design and architecture for outer space and extreme environments. The company’s philosophy is to facilitate human life by integrating knowledge and technologies developed for outer space in everyday products.